Kate Raworth and the virtues of justice, perspective and empathy

Inspired by Shannon Vallor’s book “Technology and virtues: A philosophical guide to a future worth wanting“, in which she discusses a range of technomoral virtues that we would need to cultivate in order to flourish as people (2016, p. 110), I am writing a series of portraits of exemplars–people who embody these virtues.


Kate Raworth embodies the virtue of justice. She calls for a new paradigm in economics: “to meet the needs of all, within the boundaries of our living planet”.

She calls herself a renegade economist focused on exploring the economic mindset needed to address the 21st century’s social and ecological challenges. She was educated as an economist and became increasingly critical about the dominant economic paradigm of growth. Her career has taken her from working with micro-entrepreneurs in the villages of Zanzibar to co-authoring the Human Development Report for UNDP in New York, followed by a decade as Senior Researcher at Oxfam.

She is the creator of Doughnut Economics:


The shape of the doughnut–two concentric circles–visualizes the area where we would need to be in order “to ensure that no one falls short on life’s essentials (from food and housing to healthcare and political voice), while ensuring that collectively we do not overshoot our pressure on Earth’s life-supporting systems, on which we fundamentally depend – such as a stable climate, fertile soils, and a protective ozone layer

There is a parallel between Kate Raworth’s work and Shannon Vallor’s discussion of the technomoral virtue of justice. Vallor defines this virtue as a “disposition to seek a fair and equitable distribution of the benefits and risks of emerging technologies” and a “concern for how emerging technologies impact the basic rights, dignity, or welfare of individuals and groups” (2016, p. 128). Indeed, Raworth advocates seeking a just distribution of benefits and risks–mainly in relation to economic processes, and not specifically or explicitly regarding emerging technologies (as far as I am aware; although I did find a series of five design workshops in 2018, by Dutch media lab Waag Society, based on her work). It would be obvious, to me, however, that care for people and for our planet is a necessary precondition for further deliberations about developing and using technologies

Moreover, Kate Raworth champions the virtues of perspective and empathy.

Perspective, because she wants to (literally) change our perspective on economics. By default, we currently have in our minds a picture of a curve going up (see screenshot below). She wants us to look radically differently at the world and at economics.


From https://www.thersa.org/discover/videos/rsa-shorts/2014/03/Kate-Raworth-on-Growth

That is why she drew the Doughnut shape. That is why she collaborated with stop-motion animators to make these ideas visual in short and attractive animations. She understands the power of visuals in shaping people’s conceptions. Vallor defined the technomoral virtue of perspective as “a reliable disposition to attent to, discern and understand moral phenomena as meaningful parts of a moral whole” (2016, p. 149). Indeed, Raworth invites us to look at the world holistically and through a moral pair of glasses, so that we can the relationships between people, planet and profit.

And from her commitment to justice also follows her championing of the virtue of empathy. Raworth urges us to empathize with other people, also on the other side of the globe, and how our lives and economic behaviours affect their lives. Moreover, she calls for action, to change our behaviours. This concurs with Vallor’s definition of the technomoral virtue of empathy: a “cultivated openness to being morally moved to caring action by the emotions of other members of our technosocial world” (2016, p. 133).

Possibly, you find that Kate Raworthembodies other virtues as well. Or you may have other ideas about the virtues discussed above. Please post them below or contact me at: marc.steen-at-tno.nl